Technical Guidance

Active Living Research
Active Living Research translates and disseminates evidence to advocates, policy-makers and practitioners aimed at preventing childhood obesity and promoting active communities.

Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
The mission of the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP) is to grow the pedestrian and bicycle profession and its influence by facilitating the exchange of professional and technical knowledge, elevating practitioners’ skills and defining the field.

Centers for Disease Control Pedestrian Safety
Information, research, and resources on pedestrian safety from the CDC.

Cities Alive: Towards a Walking World
Cities Alive: Towards a walking world highlights the significant social, economic, environmental and political benefits of walking. Informed by specialist insight and multidisciplinary expertise from across our global offices, we highlight 50 benefits of walking explored through 16 distinct indicative themes, and list 40 actions that city leaders can consider to inform walking policy, strategy and design. These are informed by a catalogue of 80 international case studies that will inspire action, and further aid cities in identifying and evaluating opportunities.

Cool Pedestrian Environments
This website is a resource for pedestrian planning, design, and safety documents, and includes web links to other resources. The site also presents a summary of Fehr & Peers’ approach and qualifications for pedestrian planning and research.

Countermeasures That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices
The guide is a basic reference to assist State Highway Safety Offices in selecting effective, evidence-based countermeasures for traffic safety problem areas. The guide describes major strategies and countermeasures; summarizes strategy/countermeasure use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation time; and provides references to the most important research summaries and individual studies.

Design Resources Index
The Design Resource Index identifies the specific location of information in key national design manuals for various pedestrian and bicycle design treatments.

Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares: A Context Sensitive Approach
This report is intended to facilitate the restoration of the complex multiple functions of urban streets. It provides guidance for the design of walkable urban thoroughfares in places that currently support the mode of walking and in places where the community desires to provide a more walkable thoroughfare, and the context to support them in the future.

Everyone Walks: Understanding & Addressing Pedestrian Safety
The publication provides an overview of current pedestrian safety data and research and discusses how states are using this and other information to address the issue. Taking a 3 “E” approach – engineering, education and enforcement – is essential for making gains in pedestrian safety. While there are evidencebased engineering countermeasures shown to reduce pedestrian-motor vehicle crashes, this report does not address infrastructure improvements. Rather, it focuses on legislative, enforcement and educational initiatives at the national, state and local level that work in tandem with engineering solutions to foster safe mobility for those on foot. 

Federal Highway Administration Bicycle & Pedestrian Program
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program of the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Human Environment promotes bicycle and pedestrian transportation use, safety, and accessibility. On this site you can find information about the amount of federal funding spent on pedestrian and bicycle projects in your state, available federal funding sources, existing legislation, and guidance about accessible design.

Federal Highway Administration Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety 
Livable communities are a high priority of the U.S. Department of Transportation and the Obama Administration. A livable community is one that provides safe and convenient transportation choices to all citizens, whether it’s by walking, bicycling, transit, or driving. Pedestrian safety improvements depend on an integrated approach that involves the 4 E’s: Engineering, Enforcement, Education, and Emergency Services. The FHWA’s Office of Safety develops projects, programs and materials for use in reducing pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities.

The story of how American city streets were transformed from places where many kinds of street users belonged into places just for cars.

Institute of Transportation Studies
UC Davis
UC Irvine
The Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS) at the University of California's Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, and Los Angeles campuses are centers for research, education, and scholarship in the fields of transportation planning and engineering. Faculty members, staff researchers, and graduate students comprise this multidisciplinary institute network of more than 400 people, which administers an average of $20 million in research funds each year.

Intrigue and Uncertainty: Towards New Traffic-Taming Tools
The goal of this resource is to give cities and residents new tools to tame traffic, particularly around schools and in neighborhoods. Chapter 1 explores how we lost our streets to traffic in the first place. Chapter 2 addresses the issue as to whether increasing intrigue and uncertainty as a way of slowing traffic compromises safety. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 get into the practical details of what cities and residents can do. Chapter 6 looks at liability and argues that the ‘intrigue and uncertainty’ approach to slowing traffic should reduce a city’s current exposure to liability.

Jane's Walk USA
Jane’s Walk USA is a series of free neighborhood walking tours that helps put people in touch with their environment and with each other, by bridging social and geographic gaps and creating a space for cities to discover themselves. 

Perils for Pedestrians
"Perils For Pedestrians" is a public affairs series on public access cable television stations in 150 cities in the United States. We look at problems confronting pedestrians in communities like yours, and solutions to those problems from across the United States and around the world.

Model Street Design Manual
The Model Street Design Manual was created during a 2-day writing charrette, which brought together national experts in living streets concepts. This effort was funded by the Department of Health and Human Services through the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health and the UCLA Luskin Center for Innovation. This manual focuses on all users and all modes, seeking to achieve balanced street design that accommodates cars while ensuring that pedestrians, cyclists and transit users can travel safely and comfortably. This manual also incorporates features to make streets lively, beautiful, economically vibrant as well as environmentally sustainable.

National Center for Safe Routes to School - Program Tools
Along with other resources about Safe Routes to School, this site provides a centralized, web-based collection of Safe Routes to School-related materials and documents compiled by practitioners and program leaders from across the United States.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration "Everyone is a Pedestrian" Site
Research, statistics, programs, activities and other resources for improving the pedestrian environment.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center's mission is to improve the quality of life in communities through the increase of safe walking and bicycling as a viable means of transportation and physical activity. To support this mission, the PBIC develops and distributes bicycling and walking information, and provides expert technical assistance to various audiences to ensure that citizens and professionals have access to the best available information.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Along Existing Roads—ActiveTrans Priority Tool Guidebook
TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 803: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Along Existing Roads—ActiveTrans Priority Tool Guidebook presents a tool and guidance that may be used to help prioritize improvements to pedestrian and bicycle facilities, either separately or together as part of a “complete streets” evaluation approach. 

Quick Builds for Better Streets

Quick-build project delivery is part of a new set of ideas sometimes referred to as “tactical urbanism.” Quick-build projects fall on the middle parts of this spectrum. Like larger capital projects (which are mostly asphalt and concrete), quick-build projects are meant to be used by the public for years. But many other things about them—materials, process, funding—are new and developing rapidly. This report draws on the experiences of Austin, Chicago, Denver, Memphis, New York, Pittsburgh, San Francisco and Seattle to create a general guide for adding this new form of project delivery into any city’s toolbox.

Reducing conflicts between pedestrians and bicyclists
This note examines the causes of conflict on shared bicycle/pedestrian paths and provides information on methods that aim to reduce this conflict.

re:Streets is a fundamental rethinking of America's streets. Building on the Complete Streets movement, the re:Streets project is developing a comprehensive design manual for creating streets that are truly for everyone. What would streets look like if they accommodated people of all ages and abilities, promoted healthy urban living, social interaction and business, the movement of people and goods and regeneration of the environment? How will the form and function of streets change as we adopt new technologies? 

Safe Kids
Safe Kids Worldwide is a global organization dedicated to protecting kids from unintentional injuries, the number one cause of death to children in the United States.

Slow Your Street
The Slow Your Street: A How-To Guide for Pop-Up Traffic Calming offers step-by-step support on how to implement a successful pop-up traffic calming demonstration. Pop-ups for this toolkit are defined as temporary one-day install ments that last 6-12 hours. While this guide was developed for use in the City of St. Louis, all the tools and advice provided can be applied to any community.

Tactical Urbanism
Improving the livability of our towns and cities commonly starts at the street, block, or building scale. While larger scale efforts do have their place, incremental, smallscale improvement efforts are increasingly seen as a way to stage more substantial investments. This approach allows a host of local actors to test new concepts before making substantial political and financial commitments. Sometimes sanctioned, sometimes not, these actions are commonly referred to as “guerilla urbanism,” “pop-up urbanism,” “city repair,” or “D.I.Y. urbanism.”

Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes
This issue brief documents estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Modification Factors (CMFs). Some of the crash reduction estimates are also presented in terms of left-turn crashes,certain crash severities, or total crashes.

Transportation Research Board Practice-Ready Papers
A library of technical studies from TRB related to pedestrian and bicycle issues.

Victoria Transport Policy Institute
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative and practical solutions to transportation problems. It provides a variety of resources available for free to help improve transportation planning and policy analysis.

Walk Friendly Communities
Walk Friendly Communities is a national recognition program developed to encourage towns and cities across the U.S. to establish or recommit to a high priority for supporting safer walking environments. The WFC program will recognize communities that are working to improve a wide range of conditions related to walking, including safety, mobility, access, and comfort.

8-80 Cities
8-80 Cities is a non-profit organization based in Toronto, Canada, that is dedicated to contributing to the transformation of cities into places where people can walk, bike, access public transit and visit vibrant parks and public places.

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